|Menstrual Rights Programs and Policies for Childbearing-aged women and girls: A Systematic Review
|Nasimeh Setayesh Valipour1, Farnaz Farnam2, Mahmoud Abbasi3, Maryam Damghanian4, Marzieh Azizi5
|1Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Reproductive Health Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
55Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
CJMB 2024; 11: 003-012
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Keywords : Reproductive health, Menstrual health, Human rights, Menstrual rights, Policy
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Objectives: In order to increase the awareness of health service providers about the difficulties and consequences associated with the violation of menstrual rights, it is necessary to conduct a review study of existing programs in this area. This study aimed to review the menstrual rights programs and policies for reproductive-aged women and girls.
Methods: In this systematic review, we searched international databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science, as well as Iranian ones, such as IranMedex, Magiran, MEDLINE, and Embase, for relevant studies without considering publication year. Finally, of 832 results, including articles, reports, and governmental documents, 27 studies were included in this review study.
Results: "Menstrual rights" is not viewed as a major issue, even in the international vision programs. The results indicate that the programs in this field were mainly focused on four aspects: laws and policies, empowerment in menstruation management, normalization, and support for menstrual justice. Despite the increase in programs to achieve menstrual health, dealing with the legality of these programs has been completely marginalized.
Conclusions: Since instructions and plans can play a vital role in implementing health policies, our findings emphasize the need for an evidence-driven plan to improve women and girls" menstruation and reproductive health and rights that is consistent with long-term developmental goals. Attracting partnerships from the private sector, charities, and activists in this field can be very beneficial to achieving these goals.
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