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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Apr 2024, Vol 11, Issue 2
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Original Article
Preoperative Anxiety Assessment of Gynecology Surgeries in a Referral Hospital; Prevalence and Some Related Factors: A Cross-sectional study
Ali Mohammadzadeh Jouryabi1, Vali Imantalab1, Mandana Mansour Ghanaie2, Robabeh Soleimani3, Gelareh Biazar1, Reyhaneh Shahrokhi Rad1, Rayehe Rahimi4, Mohammad Amin Ashoobi4
1Anesthesiology Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Alzahra Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, AlZahra Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3Department of Psychiatry, Kavosh Behavioral Cognitive and Addiction Research Center, Shafa Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4Student Research Committee, Anesthesiology Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Alzahra Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

DOI: 10.34172/cjmb.2023.26
Viewed : 555 times
Downloaded : 632 times.

Keywords : Anxiety, Assessment, Gynecology, Operations
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Objectives: Preoperative anxiety (POA) as an unpleasant reaction in surgical cases is associated with negative intra-postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to determine the main influencing factors on moderate to severe POA in elective surgeries in our hospital.

Materials and Methods: This Cross-sectional study was conducted at Alzahra hospital, Rasht, Iran. Firstly 1772 participants were interviewed for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory to screen cases with more than or equal to 44 scores indicating at least moderate anxiety. Then eligible cases enrolled in the survey and demographic data and the causes of POA were documented.

Results: Among 1772 cases candidate for elective surgeries, the data from 530(29.6%) with at least moderate POA were analyzed. Fear of Anesthesia complications (22.45%), post-operation pain (21.16%), and surgery complications (12.5%) were the most common causes of POA. While fear of transfusion was the least important cause (0.64%). Two hundred forty-one participants suffered from one POA factor and 11 from 4 factors. A higher level of education, occupation, and the history of anesthesia and surgery were significantly associated with lower degrees of POA (P = 0.0001).

Conclusions: The prevalence of moderate to high degrees of POA was acceptable in this study; however, most were avoidable. Therefore individuals screening for detecting high-risk cases in the routine workup and assessing the need for psychiatrists" intervention would be helpful to improve the conditions.


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Articles by Imantalab V
Articles by Mansour Ghanaie M
Articles by Soleimani R
Articles by Biazar G
Articles by Shahrokhi Rad R
Articles by Rahimi R
Articles by Amin Ashoobi M


Articles by Vali Imantalab
Articles by Robabeh Soleimani
Articles by Gelareh Biazar
Articles by Rayehe Rahimi

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