|Association Between Nutritional Status and Quality of Life in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis|
|Elham Bagherinia1, Marzieh Bagherinia2, Firoozeh Khamoushi3, Akram Davoodi1, Seyed Hamidreza Mortazavi4|
|1Student Research Committee, Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Students Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Student Research Committee, School of Nutritional Sciences and Food Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
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Keywords : Rhinitis allergic, Quality of life, Nutritional status
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Objectives: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a heterogeneous disorder with immune pathophysiology affecting quality of life (QOL) and productivity at work or education. This study aimed to evaluate the association between macro- and micro-nutrient intakes with QOL in AR patients.
Materials and Methods: Using convenience sampling method, this cross-sectional study included 60 AR patients in the age range of 15-60 years referred to the Allergy Clinic of Mohammad Kermanshashi hospital, Kermanshash, Iran from March to December 2018. Data including body composition, QOL, and nutritional status were collected. Independent t test, chi-square, and Pearson correlation were used for data analysis.
Results: According to the results of Spearman test, while cholesterol intake level was directly associated with low QOL (P = 0.049, r=0.283), dietary zinc intake had a negative correlation with low QOL (P = 0.045, r = -0.262). However, there were no significant associations between other macro- and micro-nutrient intakes and QOL in patients.
Conclusions: In this study, higher intake of cholesterol, unlike zinc, had a negative effect on QOL in AR patients.
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