|Actual Preoperative Fasting Time; A Report From Guilan Academic Hospitals: A Cross-sectional Study Introduction Preoperative|
|Bahram Naderi Nabi1, Soudabeh Haddadi1, Farnoush Farzi1, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran1, Gelareh Biazar1, Yasmin Chaibakhsh1, Zahra Atrkarroushan2, Mohammad Reza Habibi, Seyed Sepehr Khatami3|
|1Anesthesiology Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Alzahra Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2Department of Statistic, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
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Keywords : Fasting, Preoperative care, Academic medical centers
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Objectives: Traditional guidelines for preoperative fasting (POF) time lead to several complications in surgery patients. However, not enough attention has been paid to the issue. This aimed of this study was to investigate the management of fasting times in Guilan academic hospitals.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, individuals from five academic referral centers enrolled the survey and questionnaires including demographic characteristics, fasting hours for liquids and solids, POF recommenders, and patient’s knowledge regarding the definition of clear liquids were completed.
Results: A total of 390 individuals candidate for elective surgeries enrolled in the study, the mean age of our cases were 46.61 years. The average POF time for solids and liquids was 11.43 and 9.70 hours, respectively. 95.38% of the participants did not know a correct definition of clear liquids, which was not related to their level of education (P = 0.314). A positive association was observed between age and POF times for liquids and American Society of Anesthesiologists Classification for both solids (P = 0.010) and liquids (P = 0.0001).
Conclusions: It was found that the real POF time in our hospitals was significantly longer than the modern guidelines, and needs to be corrected.
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