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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Apr 2020, Vol 7, Issue 2
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Original Article
Evaluation of Uterine Warm and Cold Distemperament (Su-e Mizaj) in Persian Medicine: A Qualitative Study
Atefeh Saeidi1, Mojgan Tansaz2, Mohsen Saberi3, Abbas Ebadi4, Malihe Tabarrai5, Mamak Hashemi6, Roshanak Mokaberinejad2, Maryam Mashhadi1, Morteza Mojahedi7
1Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Medicine, Quran and Hadith Research Center and Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6Department of Persian Medicine, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
7Traditional Medicine and History of Medical Sciences Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

CJMB 2020; 7: 177-185

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Keywords : Persian medicine, Iranian traditional medicine, Uterus, Temperament, Qualitative research
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Objectives: Uterus is one of the most important organs of a woman which purifies the blood and carries a fetus and its function is related to the main organs like the brain, heart, liver, kidneys, and stomach. Uterine distemperaments are among the most important diseases of this organ and various symptoms are mentioned for them in Persian medicine (PM). Accordingly, the evaluation of these symptoms will help the diagnosis and treatment of different types of disorders related to the female reproductive system.

Materials and Methods: This concept analysis qualitative study was conducted to collect and classify the symptoms of uterine distemperaments using a hybrid method and included theoretical, fieldwork, and analysis phases. In the theoretical phase, the resources of PM were reviewed, followed by interviewing the experts of PM and patients with uterine distemperament in the fieldwork phase. Finally, the guidelines were provided for diagnosing uterine warm and cold distemperaments.

Results: The signs and symptoms of uterine distemperaments were classified into 5 general categories including menstrual blood characteristics (i.e., volume, consistency, color, smell, temperature, and outgoing speed), uterine discharges, pubic hair characteristics, other characteristics related to the female reproductive system, and the general symptoms. Eventually, the most important concepts were converted to a guideline of "Major and Minor Diagnostic Criteria for Uterine distemperaments".

Conclusions: In general, the recognition of the symptoms of uterine distemperaments facilitates the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of different types of gynecologic disorders. The results of the current study can be an appropriate basis for designing and standardizing diagnostic tools for uterine distemperaments and related diseases.


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Articles by Saeidi A
Articles by Tansaz M
Articles by Saberi M
Articles by Ebadi A
Articles by Tabarrai M
Articles by Hashemi M
Articles by Mokaberinejad R
Articles by Mashhadi M
Articles by Mojahedi M


Articles by Atefeh Saeidi
Articles by Mojgan Tansaz
Articles by Mohsen Saberi
Articles by Abbas Ebadi
Articles by Malihe Tabarrai
Articles by Mamak Hashemi
Articles by Maryam Mashhadi
Articles by Morteza Mojahedi

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Arash Khaki
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