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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Jul 2016, Vol 3, Issue 3
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A Study on the Effect of Lecture and Multimedia Software on Drug Calculation and Prescription: A Systematic Review
Hossein Feizalahzadeh1, Sousa Valizadeh2, Mina Avari3, Faza Virani4
1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
2Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
3Master of Science Nursing Student, Tabriz University Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Master of Nursing, Educational Member of Medical Surgical Group, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

CJMB 2016; 3: 075-080

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Keywords : Drug calculations, Multimedia software, Lecture, Principles of drug administration
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Objective: Medication errors can be a risk factor undermining the patient’s health, giving rise to irreparable consequences. The medication errors involve miscalculation of drug dosages by nurses and nursing students.

Methods: This study employed several databases including Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus. For this purpose, the keywords were relevant to virtual learning, electronic learning, learning through lecture, blended learning, online learning, distance education, nursing education, multimedia learning, and teaching aids. The search results were not limited in terms of time.

Results: Lack of knowledge and skills in pharmacology and miscalculations are the major factors contributing to medication errors by nurses and nursing students. Moreover, poor basic knowledge of mathematics among the nursing students can lead to numerous mistakes. The results of previous studies have indicated that blended learning can have a positive impact on learning progress among nursing students. However, some studies have suggested that multimedia tools and teaching aids leave little impact on learning.

Conclusion: It is suggested that the correct adoption of blended learning methods can improve the nursing education in terms of drug calculations.


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