|Investigation of Rate of Domestic Violence against Women Presenting to Legal Medicine Centers and its Coping Methods: A Descriptive Study
|Zahra Arab Khangholi1, Jamileh Mohtashami2, Saeedeh Hosseini3, Seyyed Mehdi Saberi4
|1Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Psychiatry, Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran
CJMB 2019; 6: 164-169
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Keywords : Domestic violence, women, Coping method
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Objectives: Violence exerts negative effects on nutritional status and digestive system of women provoking mental disorders among them. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of domestic violence against women presenting to legal medicine centers and its coping methods.
Materials and Methods: A total of 150 women sustaining domestic violence presenting to legal medicine centers in Iran were selected as participants of this descriptive study using convenience sampling method. Data were collected through demographic information questionnaire, WHO standard domestic violence questionnaire, and a researcher-made inventory of coping with domestic violence against women and analyzed through SPSS version 23.0 using Mann-Whitney test, correlation coefficient, and independent t test.
Results: We found mental violence as the most common type of violence against women followed by physical and sexual violence. There was a significant correlation between women"s age and problem-based strategy, women"s occupation and problem-based strategy, marriage duration and coping strategy, marriage duration and problem-based method, consent at the time of marriage and excitement-centered strategy, presence of disease and excitement-centered strategy, and drug abuse and excitement-centered strategy, and a reverse significant correlation between excitement-centered strategy and sexual violence and between problem-based strategy and mental violence.
Conclusions: Some training classes ought to be held to provide appropriate coping strategies for women sustaining violence.
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