|Effect of Aquatic Extract of Ferulago angulata Boiss With Aerobic Exercises on Serum Levels of Interleukin-10 and C-Reactive Protein of Obese Males|
|Iman Zakavi1, Azimeh Karimian1, Rafat Isazadeh1, Mohammad Bahadoram2, Hamid Salehiniya3, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani4,5, Shahram Tarahomi6, Alborz Jafaee Sough1, Ali Asghar Valipour1|
|1School of Public Health, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
2Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Medical Student Research Committee, Ahvaz, Iran
3Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
4Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6Department of Neurology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
CJMB 2018; 5: 320–326
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Keywords : Aerobic exercises, Chavir, IL-10, CRP, Obesity
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Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impacts of chavir aquatic extract (Ferulago angulata Boiss) along with aerobic exercises on serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and C-reactive protein (CRP) of obese males.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 40 males with body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2 and average age of 33.63 ± 4.78 years were randomly categorized into 4 groups of 10 individuals as control, combination (using the aquatic extract of chavir along with aerobic exercises), consumption of chavir aquatic extract, and aerobic exercises. The aerobic exercises in both groups of combination and aerobic exercises consisted of running on treadmill for 20 minutes in 60%-70% maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max). The aquatic extract consumption and the combination groups had to take 50 mg/mL/d of chavir aquatic extract every time. The control group received no intervention.
Results: Based on intragroup comparisons, body weight and BMI significantly decreased in the combination group; the content of body fat and waist-hip ratio (WHR) also reduced significantly in the aerobic, combination, and aquatic extract groups. In intergroup and intragroup comparison, CRP faced with a significant decrease in all groups (aerobic exercises, Ferulago aqueous extraction, and combination groups) and a considerable increase was also observed in the combination group regarding IL-10 variable.
Conclusions: Therefore, the effectiveness of the combination group regarding increasing IL-10 and decreasing CRP is more than other groups. As a result, using aqueous extract of F. angulata and doing aerobic exercise for 3 months reduced risk factors – cardiovascular, body composition, and increasing anti-inflammatory in obese men. Consequently, the effect of combination group to reduce the proinflammatory indexes and body factors of obese males was more compared to that of the other groups.
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