Login Contact Us
E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Oct 2014, Vol 1, Issue 4
Advanced Search
How do you find the scientific quality of the published articles on our web site?
Pain after Cardiac Surgery: A Review of the Assessment and Management
Razieh Parizad1, Farahnaz Abdolahzadeh2, Mitra Mousavi-Shabestari1
1Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

CJMB 2014; 1: 113-117

Viewed : 2941 times
Downloaded : 4525 times.

Keywords : Assessment, Control, Heart Surgery, Pain
Full Text(PDF) | Related Articles
Objective: Surgery is among the causes of acute pain. One of the major problems of patients after surgical procedures is postoperative pain. Annually, millions of people throughout the world undergo surgery and experience different intensities of postoperative pain. Due to physiological changes and given the stability of the heart and lung, the management and control of pain is rarely considered as a priority in the care of patients after cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgical patients experience pain due to the surgical incision and between the ribs nerve injury created during the course of the surgery, and irritation and inflammation of the pleura by catheters. Control and management of pain in intensive care units (ICU) are the main tasks in nursing care. The purpose of this review study was the investigation, assessment, and management of pain in patients after cardiac surgery.

Materials and Methods: In this study, the literature available on Magiran, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and PubMed were collected, and after reviewing, the relevant literature was studied.

Results: Although pain is one of the major stressors in patients undergoing surgery, the measures taken for the treatment and care of these patients are associated with experiencing pain. In this regard, all the resources have emphasized the using of guidelines and tools to assess patients' pain. However, in cardiac surgery patients, sufficient attention is not paid to pain control. Patients reported poorly controlled pain and experiences of moderate to severe pain after surgery.

Conclusion: Pain is a subjective experience, and in patients who cannot report their pain, it should be considered important. According to numerous studies, pain control is not performed in ICUs. Thus, efforts should be made for appropriate control and reduction of pain, use of valid methods to determine and control pain, and improvement of the quality of the programs.


Cite By, Google Scholar

Google Scholar

Articles by Parizad R
Articles by Abdolahzadeh F


Articles by Razieh Parizad

Submit Paper
Online Submission System
CJMB ENDNOTE ® Style Tutorials Publication Charge Women's Reproductive Health Research Center About Journal
Publication Information
Aras Part Medical International Press Editor-in-Chief
Arash Khaki
Deputy Editor
Zafer Akan
Published Article Statistics