|Cardiovascular Risk Perception among Iranian Women with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus|
|Seyedehtanaz Saeidzadeh1, Maryam Khabbaz2|
|1Student Research Committee, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Shohada Hospital, Qaen, South Khorasan, Iran
CJMB 2015; 2: 087-089
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Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes mellitus, Health, Perception, Women
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Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the fatal complications of diabetes mellitus. The mortality of CVD is higher in diabetic persons. Women are at a higher risk for CVD. The purpose of this study is to determine the perception of CVD risk among women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 58 diabetic women with type 2 diabetes in a Diabetes clinic in Qaen, South Khorasan province, Iran. The attitude of participants towards CVD was assessed by a modified RPS-DD questionnaire. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 20.
Results: The participants aged from 31 to 66 years old. The mean duration of diabetic diagnosis was 7±4.88 years. Majority of them were literate (56.9%), married (89.7%), had low income (52%) and were housekeepers (94.8%). Almost half the participants believed they had personal control over cardiovascular risk. 69% had optimistic attitude towards not getting CVD and 60.3% had a moderate level of concerns about cardiovascular risks. Also 80% had knowledge about the cardiovascular risks.
Conclusion: Risk perception plays an important role in preventing CVD. A comprehensive educational program for changing the attitude toward CVD is recommended.
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