|A Case Report of Childhood Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Complicated With Bronchiectasis|
|Soheila Aleyasin1, Reza Amin1, Mohammadmehdi Araghi1, Maryam Khosrozadeh2|
|1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Allergy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
CJMB 2017; 4: 217–218
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Keywords : SLE, Bronchiectasis, Young patients, HRCT scan
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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is one of the chronic autoimmune diseases affecting the internal organs. Most studies of childhood lupus showed respiratory manifestations in 30% to 50% of cases. Bronchiectasis involves the lung rarely in SLE, specially in children. In a cross-sectional study on 60 Norwegian adults of childhood-onset SLE, only 1 patient (<2%) showed bronchiectasis in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan without any symptoms of bronchiectasis. Our patient was a girl aged 14 years old who was referred to our center with manifestations of arthritis, cough, pleural effusion, malar rash, photosensitivity, convulsion, anemia, positive ANA, and high titer anti-dsDNA. After 3 years, she was admitted for productive cough. HRCT scan was done, showing bilateral bronchiectasis. The purpose of this presentation was to report bronchiectasis as a rare pulmonary manifestations of SLE in young patients.
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