|Heart Valves Prolapse in Population Referred to Heart Clinic in Ilam, West of Iran|
|Milad Azami1, Mohammad Hossein Yekta Kooshali2, Ramak Qavam3, Mohammad Reza Hafezi Ahmadi4, Samiramis Qavam5|
|1Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2Student Research Committee, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3Colorectal Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
5Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
CJMB 2017; 4: 167–172
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Keywords : Prevalence, Heart valve prolapse, MVP, TVP, AVP
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Objective: Valvular heart diseases have gained importance in the field of cardiovascular medicine in recent years. The prevalence of heart valves prolapse has been reported in various studies. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of heart valve prolapsein patients referred to Ilam, Western Province of Iran, an outpatient heart clinic in 2013-2014.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, samples were randomly chosen from patients referred to Ilam outpatient heart clinic. Data were gathered using questionnaire, physical examination, echocardiography, and electrocardiography. Data were analyzed by using the SPSS-17 software.
Results: The study was conducted using 600 participants with mean age of 44.16 ± 15.34. 233 men with body mass index (BMI) of 25.23 ± 3.94 and 367 women with BMI of 27.32 ± 5.14 participated in this study. The prevalence of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in Ilam was 4.5% and women"s share was more. MVP was mostly observed in patients aged 20 to 30 (12.5%). There was a significant relationship between this disorder and patent foramen ovale (PFO) (P = 0.001), redundant interatrial septum (P = 0.001), weight (P = 0.001), height (P = 0.001), BMI (P = 0.001), family history of MVP (P = 0.009), and the prevalence of tricuspid valve prolapse (TVP) and aortic valve prolapse (AVP) was 16%, often observed in 50 to 60-year-old women.
Conclusion: Prevalence of heart valves prolapse in this study was similar to the studies in other countries and is more common in women. Due to a preventing program, early diagnosis and screening are recommended.
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