|Investigating the Effect of Hypnotherapy on Reducing Anxiety and Pain during Labor|
|Anahita Sahour1, Mohammad Kazem Fakhri1, Mahdi Pourasghar2|
|1Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, IRAN
2Department of Psychology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IRAN
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Keywords : Hypnotherapy, State Anxiety, Trait Anxiety, Labor Pain
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Objectives: Majority of women go through levels of anxiety during pregnancy. Accordingly, the purpose of the current research was to investigate the influence of hypnotherapy on reduction of anxiety as well as pain during labor among pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: This study was an experimental research with a pre-test/posttest design comprised of experimental and control groups. Among the pregnant women referring to hospitals affiliated to Social Security Organization in Mazandaran Province, 30 nulliparous pregnant women at a gestation age of 27-33 weeks were chosen via convenience sampling method, after which their random allocation to an experimental and a control group was performed. The research instruments consisted of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), McGill Pain Questionnaire (Index), as well as the Standard Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) along with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). In addition to routine prenatal care for pregnant women in the experimental group, hypnotherapy was used for 8 sessions to reduce prenatal anxiety. The data were also analyzed using the SPSS (version 25) and parametric test of Covariance (ANCOVA); independent t test and nonparametric U Mann Whitney.
Results: Comparing the post-test state-trait anxiety in both control and experimental groups, it was found that hypnotherapy could reduce anxiety in pregnant women in the experimental group (p-value<0.00).
Conclusion: Hypnotherapy could effectively reduce anxiety and pain during labor and it could be used as a non-pharmaceutical approach during pregnancy and childbirth care.
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