|Psychometric Properties of Persian Version of Everyday Discrimination Scale and Correlation with Physical Health in Iranian Older women|
|Narjeskhatoun Sadeghi Googhary1, Mahshid Foroughan1, Farahnaz Mohammadi1, Akram Farhadi2, Shima Nazari3|
|1Department of Ageing, Iranian Research Centre on Ageing, University of social welfare and rehabilitation sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Nursing, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
3Department of Nursing, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Everyday discrimination scale,Social discrimination, Psychometric, Older women,Physical health
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Objectives: discrimination can entail important negative consequences on the health of individuals. older women could be exposed to social discrimination in different contexts, especially the family, because of their age and gender. Few studies have specifically studied the discrimination of older women and and its effects on health.The aim of the present study was to translate and determine the psychometric characteristics of" everyday discrimination scale" (EDS) in community-dwelling Iranian older women in Tehran and evaluate relationship between discrimination and health.
Materials and Methods: This research was conducted on 250 community-dwelling women aged 60 and over in Tehran,IRAN. EDS was translated based on the protocol introduced by WHO . CVI is assessed for content validity based on expert opinion. construct validity of EDS was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and its reliability was evaluated by calculating the degree of internal consistency and stability. Mean of perceived discrimination were compared in two groups with good and poor self-rated physical health.
Results: The mean age of subjects was 67.9 ± 6.5 years. The results showed that content validity (SCVI := 0.9, SCVI / AVG = 0.91), construct validity (high correlation of each item with the factor and optimality of fitness indices in CFA) and reliability (α = 0.91, ICC = 0.91 and test-retest correlation:0.77 ,p<0.001 ) of EDS tool were optimal and suitable for Iranian older women.perceived discrimination was significantly higher in older women with poor physical health.
Conclusions: EDS has an appropriate validity and reliability in assessing perceived discrimination among Iranian older women in the context of family relationship and perceived discrimination negatively affect physical health.
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