|Effects of Stretching Exercises on Upper Crossed Syndrome in Women after a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft|
|Marjan Dehdilani1, Mehdi Khanbabayi Gol2, Khosrow Hashemzadeh3|
|1Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Responsible for the Nursing Research Committee of Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Heart Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
CJMB 2019; 6: 350-354
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Keywords : Coronary artery bypass graft, Upper crossed syndrome, Stretching exercises
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Objectives: Upper crossed syndrome (UCS) can exert adverse effects on rehabilitation after a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of stretching exercises on UCS in women undergoing CABG.
Materials and Methods: The present quasi-experimental study was carried out on 30 women in Shahid Madani hospital of Tabriz, Iran. According to a similar study, the participants were selected through a convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups of A and B. Those in group A participated in an 8-week intervention of stretching exercises (3 sessions per week) in accordance with the existing protocol. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of covariance, the dependent t test, and the Wilcoxon test at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The results indicated a significant difference between the two groups in terms of kyphosis angle (P=0.001) and forward head angle (P=0.019) after the intervention. The data analysis also showed that stretching exercises had no significant effect on the improvement of angles of left and right shoulders (P=0.109 and P=0.111) respectively.
Conclusions: The study findings suggest that corrective and stretching exercises might improve head forward posture and kyphosis angle, but do not affect shoulder angle.
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