|Effects of Foot Reflexology on Severity of Pain and Opioid Dosage Administered to Patients Undergoing a Discectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial|
|Mehdi KHanbabayi Gol1, Davoud Aghamohamadi2|
|1Nursing Research Committee of Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Imam Reza Medical, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Foot reflexology, Discectomy, Severity of pain, Opioids
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Objectives:The present study aimed to investigate the effects of foot reflexology on severity of pain and opioid dosage administered to patients undergoing a discectomy.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a randomized clinicaltrial(concurrent parallel) which was conducted in two experimental groups. 60 patients were selected from Imam Reza and Shohada hospitals of Tabriz based on convenience sampling, and then were randomly assigned to intervention(n=30) and control group(n=30) based on randomly permuted blocks. Four hours after the end of surgery and the last dosage of pethidine, patients in the intervention group received massaging of both feet 20 minutes per day for 2 days. Those in the control group received no intervention. The data were collected using a demographics and VAS checklist, then were statistically analyzed using chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, and the independent t-test in SPSS-21 at the 0.05 level of significance.
Results: After the intervention, the severity of pain significantly reduced in the intervention group(P<0.001) but it did not change in the control group(P>0.410). The results indicated that there was no significant difference between the two groups in preintervention pethidine dosage(P>0.490). After the intervention, pethidine dosage significantly reduced in the intervention group in all days(P<0.001), but there was no significant change in the control group(P>0.499).
Conclusion: Considering positive effects of foot reflexology on severity of pain and reduced dosage of opioids needed for pain control, this technique is recommended to be used as a perfect complementary therapy along with other treatments to reduce postoperative pain in patients undergoing a discectomy.
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