|A Comparison of the Effects of Caffeine and Acoustic Stimulation on Biophysical Profle Duration and Score|
|Shamsi Zareh1, Sanaz Moosavi1, Farnaz Zand Vakili2, Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh1, Farnaz Sahaf3, Parviz Ahmadi4|
|1Women’s Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Kurdistan, Iran
3Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Alzahra University Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Pediatrics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
CJMB 2019; 6: 494–497
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Keywords : Biophysical profle, Caffeine, Acoustic stimulation, Pregnancy
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Objectives: Biophysical profle (BPP) is a method to check fetal health. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of caffeine and acoustic stimulation on fetal BPP duration and score, and compare their results with control group with no intervention.
Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 150 women who had referred to Tabriz Al-Zahra hospital. The participants were divided randomly into three groups of 50; group I (control) without intervention; group II (caffeine-recipient) who had caffeine before the procedure; and group III (acoustic stimulation) who received acoustic stimulation during the procedure using a reﬂex hammer.
Results: Our results showed that both fetal BPP duration and fetal profle score were signifcantly different across the 3 groups. The fetal BPP duration was signifcantly shorter in the caffeine-receiving group (P=0.00), and fetal profle score in the same group was signifcantly higher (P=0.00).
Conclusions:Generally, using caffeine-containing drink before BPP tests may result in shorter test duration and higher test score.
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