|Medicinal and Nutritional Properties of Ziziphus jujuba Mill in Traditional Persian Medicine and Modern Phytotherapy|
|Ali Ghobadi1,2, Farshad Amini-Behbahani1,2, Maryam Taghavi Shirazi1,2,3, Azizollah Yousefi4, Nasim Behnoud1,2,3|
|1School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Research institute for Islamic and complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Student Research Committee, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Pediatric growth and development research center, Institute of endocrinology and metabolism, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Ziziphus jujuba Milll., Jujube, Traditional Persian medicine, Onnab
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Objectives: Ziziphus jujuba (jujube) is a traditional plant with a long history of consumption as a fruit and a medicinal plant, which has various pharmacological effects. As a result, this plant has been widely used in the traditional Persian medicine and modern phytotherapy. Therefore, the overarching goal of this research was to review the nutritional and pharmacological properties and values of this valuable plant.
Materials and Methods: The relevant keywords were used to search different databases containing the new findings as well as the old textbooks, and several articles on Ziziphus jujuba, its effects, and its benefits were extracted.
Results: First, the descriptions of Ziziphus jujuba in the books on traditional medicine and pharmacy were reviewed with regard to the experiences of the past physicians. Next, the new findings reported by scientists about the pharmacological effects of Ziziphus jujuba and its active ingredient were presented.
Conclusion : Ziziphus jujuba has had numerous uses in the course of history. Considering the definitions provided in the traditional medical books and the modern applications of Ziziphus jujuba, there were close relationships among some of the findings, while for some of the effects described in traditional books there is no similar account in the classical medical books. Jujube has been used for the treatment of some diseases throughout the history. Hence, since this plant is a native of different parts of Iran, research centers are recommended to use the state-of-the-art technology to summarize the effects of jujube and its socioeconomic benefits.
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