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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Apr 2019, Vol 6, Issue 2
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Original Article
Is Professional Self-Concept Associated With Stress Among Nursing Students In Clinical Setting: A Descriptive Correlational Research
Azizeh Barry1, Kobra Parvan1, Faranak Jabbarzadeh Tabrizi1, Parvin Sarbakhsh2, Bagher Safa1
1Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Science, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

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Keywords : Self Concepts, stressful events, nursing student
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Objectives: Professional self-concept is the individual’s perception of himself/herself as a professional person. Due to the nature of clinical environments, stress is a common phenomenon in nursing education. The relationship between these two variables is unclear in the review of literature. The aim of study was to assess the correlation between professional self-concept and stress among nursing students in clinical environments.

Materials and Methods: The present study was a descriptive correlation study. A total of 154 nursing students between the second and the eighth semesters were selected using stratified random sampling. The Cowin's 36-item questionnaire of professional self-concept and the Cohen’s Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) were used to carry out related measurements. Data were analyzed in SPSS16 using Pearson correlation coefficient  or (Spearman correlation coefficient in case of non-normality of variables).

Results: The overall mean score of professional self-concept in nursing students was 210.80 ± 37.41. The highest score was related to the seventh semester and the lowest score was associated with the second semester. The correlation coefficient of the total score of professional self-concept with the total score of stress was equal to -0.31, which is considered significant (p-value<0.001).

Conclusions: A correlation was observed between the professional self-concept and stress among the nursing students; so that higher professional self-concept was associated with a reduction in the level of stress. Lower professional self-concept can be one of the possible causes of stress among students. Therefore, it is essential to design and implement interventions to promote professional self-concept among nursing students.


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