|Association Between the Prevalence of Diabetes and PM 2.5: A Cross-Sectional, Ecological Study|
|Seyed Mahmoud Mehdinia1, Behnaz Beygi1, Ehsan Mosa Farkhani2, Ali Taghipour3, Seyed Kazem Farahmand4, Khalilollah Moeinian1|
|1Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
2Khorasan Razavi Province Health Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IranSchool of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
CJMB 2020; 7: 66–71
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Keywords : Particulate matter, Diabetes, Iran
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Objectives: Many epidemiologic studies have drawn considerations to the adverse effects of air pollutants like particulate matter 2.5 ((PM2.5) on human health. This study aimed to analyze the association between the air concentration of PM2.5 and the prevalence of diabetes in Mashhad.
Materials and Methods: This ecological study assessed the relationship between PM2.5 level and diagnosed diabetes prevalence in the Mashhad metropolis by spatiotemporal analysis at the block level by data obtained from the Environmental Pollutants Monitoring Center and SINA electronic health records. The subgroup analysis was performed pursuant to age and gender. In addition, the kernel density estimation analysis and Pearson correlation were used to guesstimate the association between PM2.5 and diabetes mellitus.
Results: A signifcant positive association was observed between PM2.5 concentrations and the prevalence of diabetes. The results of the kernel density estimation indicated that the R and S zones with the highest prevalence rates of diabetes are among the zones with the highest PM2.5 concentrations.
Conclusions: In general, the results showed that long-time exposure to PM2.5 increases the prevalence of diabetes in Mashhad.
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