|Intellectually Disabled Children and the Problems Parents Face: Preliminary Evaluation and the Suggestion of Effective Strategies|
|Farideh Malekshahi1, Jafar Rezaian2, Mohammad Almasian3|
|1Department of Health Education, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine,Medical Student Research Committee, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
3Department of the English Language, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
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Keywords : Intellectually Disabled Children, Parent Problems, Preliminary Evaluation, Effective Strategies
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Objectives: Apart from the functional problems that disability creates for the disabled, it has negative effects on the parents, too. Identifying these problems will play a decisive role in the health of the family. In this regard, the present study aimed to determine the psychosocial problems of the parents of intellectually disabled children receiving services from the Iranian State Welfare Organization in Khorramabad.
Materials and Method: Participants consisted of the parents of intellectually disabled children (IDC) receiving services from the State Welfare Organization of Iran, in Khorramabad during 2015. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire including demographic items, and items related to psychological and social problems.The parents of 144 intellectually disabled children participated in the study and completed the questionnaire via interviews at home.
Results: All parents suffered from psychosocial difficulties; however, mothers had on average more problems due to the large number of roles they played in families. A significant relationship was found between parents' education and the gender of the IDC (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The impact of disability on parents depends on the severity of the disability, and coping skills, abilities and capabilities of the parents.
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