|Perceived Stress and Its Relationship With Social Support in Pregnant Women Referring to Ardabil-Iran Health Centers|
|Maryam Mohammadpour1, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi2, Jamileh Malekuti3, Mehriar Mohammadi4, Mojgan Mirghafourvand5|
|1Department of Midwifery , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
5Department of Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Perceived stress, Social support, Pregnancy
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Objectives: Pregnancy is one of the most enjoyable events and one of the most stressful periods of women's lives. The stress of pregnant women is harmful to maternal and fetal health and can lead to complications such as preterm labor. The most important and known force to deal with stressful situations is social support. This research was done to assess the association between to determine the relationship between perceived stress and perceived social support in pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study done on 200 pregnant women visiting health centers of Ardebil from February to August 2018. Cluster sampling method was used for sampling. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and perceived social support questionnaire were used for data collection. Pearson correlation, independent t and one way ANOVA tests as well as General Linear Model (GLM) were used to analyze data.
Results: The mean (SD) total score of perceived stress was equal to 24.22 (7.33) out of 56 and the mean (SD) total score of social support was obtained 134.67 (18.47) out of 175. Based on the GLM (after adjusting the socio-demographics variables), a significant inverse association was observed between social support and perceived stress (P<0.001).
Conclusions: Regarding the association of social support with perceived stress, it seems necessary for pregnant women to receive support from their husbands, family members, and society.
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