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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Jan 2019, Vol 6, Issue 1
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Original Article
Epidemiological and Pathologic Characteristics of Gastric Polyps in Khorramabad City of West of Iran: A 10-year Experience
Koroush Ghanadi1,2, Zahra Sadat Alavi3, Seyyed Amir Yasin Ahmadi4, Babak Khodadadi5, Khatereh Anbari6
1Hepatitis Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
3Student Research Committee, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
4Firoozgar Clinical Research Development Center (FCRDC), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran
6Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran


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Keywords : Endoscopy, Epidemiology, Hyperplastic, Polyps
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Abstract

Objectives: Gastric polyps are neoplastic lesions found in about 1% to 4% of patients those who undergo gastroscopy.In the present study we aimed to have an epidemiological investigation on endoscopic and pathological findings of gastric polyp patients in Khorramabad city, west of Iran.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study is a 10-year experience. Seventy two patients with gastric polyps were included from 2007 to 2016.Both descriptive and analytical statistics were performed. Chi square or Fisher's exact test were used for evaluation of intra-group associations at cutoff P = 0.05.

Results: Demographically most subjects were female and middle aged. Drug history of taking proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and past medical history of gastritis were positive in a lot of patients. The most common anatomical site was body of stomach. The polyps were usually single. Morphology wise, most polyps were superficial, and pathology wise, most polyps were hyperplastic. A significant association was found for gender and anatomical site; most of male patients had antral whereas most of female patients had body-sited polyps (P=0.044).

Conclusion: In this region, site of polyp was gender related. History of gastritis and taking PPI was prevalent like other studies. Since some gastric polyps are more at risk of malignancy it is suggested that such polyps must be followed up in patients.

 

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