|The Efficacy of Aromatherapy with Melissa Officinalis in Reducing Anxiety in Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial|
|Adeleh Lotfi1, Hossein Shiri1, Reza Ilkhani1, Reyhaneh Sefidkar1, Roghayeh Esmaieli1|
|1Department of Nursing and Midwifery,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran|
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Keywords : Anxiety, aromatherapy, cardiac disease, Melissa officinalis
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Objectives: Anxiety is among the most prevalent psychological disorders induced by myocardial infarction. Medicinal herbs have been used traditionally to reduce anxiety. Avicenna was the first physician in the world who referred to the inotropic effects of Melissa officinalis as a fragrant herb and emphasized the strengthening effects of the herb on the heart, nerves, and brain with exhilarating effects. It is effective in removing nightmares, phobias, and palpitations. This study assessed the effectiveness of aromatherapy using Melissa officinalis in improving anxiety in cardiac patients.
Materials & Methods: In this study, conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016, 96 participants were equally assigned into two groups on a quasi-random basis. Aromatherapy was given to the case group in the Cardiac Care Unit (CCU) as a cotton patch measuring 15 x 15 cm soaked in 3 drops of Melissa officinalis extract and attached to their collar for 30 min twice a day during 3 successive days. The control group just received odorless sesame oil on a similar cotton patch attached to their collar in the CCU for 30 min for 3 consecutive days twice a day. The participants completed the Spielberger anxiety questionnaire before intervention, in the second day after the second phase of aromatherapy, and immediately after completion of the intervention. The data were analyzed using independent T-test.
Results: Our findings indicated no statistically significant difference in the mean total scores of anxiety between the two groups at pretest and during treatment (P≥0.05). Yet, there was a significant difference between the mean total scores of anxiety in both groups at the posttest (P≤0.05).
Conclusion: Aromatherapy with Melissa officinalis extract reduced anxiety in cardiac patients. This method, as one branch of complementary medicine, can exert positive effects on diminishing cardiac patients’ anxiety.
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