|New Concepts for Management of Atherosclerosis From Persian Medicine|
|Rahim Firouzi Bostan Abad1, Majid Asghari1, Fatemeh Nojavan1, Fatemeh Aliasl1, Arman Zargaran2, Hossein Moradi1|
|1Department of Persian Medicine, Qom University of medical science Qom, Iran
2Department of Traditional Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Avicenna, Atherosclerosis, Inflammation, Persian medicine
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Objectives: Atherosclerosis is a basic pathology of most cardiovascular diseases which are the most common non-communicable diseases in the world. Recently, inflammation in the arterial wall has been proposed for the initiation of atherosclerosis but there is no specific anti-inflammatory treatment for atherosclerosis. Persian medicine with at least 7000 years' practice background may help in the management of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was a clarification of atherosclerosis in Persian medicine to find of better methods for its management.
Materials and Methods: We searched both current medical literature and published articles of Persian medicine as well as Avicenna's main medical textbook, the Canon of medicine for creating the hypothesis of the mechanism of atherosclerosis in Persian medicine.
Results: Avicenna has implied waram in the arterial wall. Features of waram in Persian medicine accommodate inflammation. Waram in the artery is compatible with atherosclerosis. Natural history of atherosclerosis is very similar to humoral evolution in waram. Persian medicine has a wide range of therapeutic drugs and treatment plans for warm and many of the drugs used for it have documented anti-inflammatory effects in the current medicine. New risk factors for prevention and new treatment modalities are recommended based on this hypothesis.
Conclusions: The new hypothesis emerged from Persian medicine for atherosclerosis is compatible with the newest hypothesis of the mechanism of atherosclerosis in current medicine. Moreover, Persian medicine introduces new preventive and treatment modalities for atherosclerosis which is unknown in current medicine which application of them may reduce disease burden and mortality of atherosclerosis-related diseases.
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