|The Effect of Yoga Breathing Exercises on The Quality of Life of Patients With Chronic Heart Failure at Shahid Rajaei Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center in 2017|
|Maryam Hashemi Parsa1, Mahnaz Ilkhani2, Hossein Shiri2, Majid Maleki3, Fatemeh Asghari3, Athar Abedini3, Zahra Nakhayee3, Elnaz Karimi4, Roghayeh Esmaeili4|
|1Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Internal Nursing and Surgery, Shahid Rajaye Hospital, Tehran, Iran
4Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Rehabilitation University, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Heart failure disease, Quality of life, Yoga
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Objectives: The purpose of this research was to identify the effect of yoga breathing exercises on the quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure at ShahidRajaei Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center.
Materials and Methods: In this interventional research with pretest posttest control group design, 74 heart failure patients were selected non-randomly and then assigned to an intervention (n=37) and a control (n=37) group using permuted block randomization. Patients’ quality of life was assessed before and after the intervention using Minnesota questionnaire. Besides routine treatments, the intervention group attended a training session of yoga breathing exercise and exercised 10 minutes a day for 8 weeks, while the control group received routine treatments only. Collected data were analyzed in SPSS-20 by means of inferential (t-test and covariance) and descriptive (mean and standard deviation) statistics.
Results: Comparison of demographic variables including age, gender, education, NYHA class, duration of disease showed that the two groups were not significantly different. Pre-intervention comparison of the groups also revealed that no significant difference existed in terms of quality of life. However, post-intervention difference was significant in total score of quality of life (p=0.001) and its subscales namely physical (p=0.003), mental (p=0.004) and social (p=0.003).
Conclusion: Findings showed that the two groups were not significantly different before the intervention, while the quality of life in the intervention group enhanced significantly after the intervention. This implies that yoga exercises can exert a positive impact on physical, mental and social aspects of quality of life among heart failure patients.
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