|The Incidence of Smoking Among Male and Female Medical Sciences Students at Taif University in The Western Region of Saudi Arabia: Analysing the Possible Influences Associated with Smoking|
|Amani A Al-Rehaili1, Rana G Zaini2, Ghadi A Ali2|
|1Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Deanship of Community Service and Sustainable Development, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Keywords : Smoking, Health, Medical students, Taif University, male, Female
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Objectives: Smoking is an essential and avoidable risk factor for disease and death worldwide. It has been reported that smoking is very common among students in the medical and clinical fields who plan to become healthcare professionals, educators and researchers. Thus, they are prime targets for smoking prevention programs. Hence, this research was designed to be the first to measure the predominance and patterns of smoking among both male and female medical students. More specifically, evaluating those factors believed to be causing the increased prevalence of smoking will provide solutions for reducing or stopping the smoking habit.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2017 through January 2018.An online questionnaire was done by 249 students attending the main College of Applied Medical Sciences at Taif University in Taif, Saudi Arabia.
Results: The results of this study demonstrated that the predominance of smoking was variable amongst the male and female medical sciences students. In this population, the common types of smoking were tobacco (i.e. 64%) followed by shisha (i.e. 28%) and then 8 % for electronic cigarettes. It is also showed that stress was the greatest common cause for smoking with 56% of the total students.
Conclusion: More current approaches are required to assist diminish tobacco use in this group. The top priority now is to promote anti-smoking programs for medical students, which would definitely help manage the public health issues related to smoking.
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