|Investigation of Rate of Domestic Violence against Women Presenting to Legal Medicine Centers and its Coping Methods: A Descriptive Study|
|Zahra Arab Khangholi1, Jamileh Mohtashami2, Saeedeh Hosseini3, Seyyed Mehdi Saberi4|
|1Student of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Student Research Committee, Tehran, Iran
2Assistant Professor of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Instructor of Biochemistry, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Coping strategy, Domestic violence, Legal medicine, Women
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Objectives:Violence exerts negative effects on nutritional status and digestive system of women provoking mental disorders among them.To determine the rate of domestic violence against women presenting to legal medicine centers and its coping methods.
Materials & Methods: 150 women sustaining domestic violence presenting to legal medicine centers in Iran were selected as participants of this descriptive study using purposive convenient sampling method. Data were collected with demographic information questionnaire, WHO standard domestic violence questionnaire, and a researcher-made inventory of coping with domestic violence against women and analyzed with SPSS23 using Mann-Whitney test, correlation coefficient, and independent T-test.
Results: We found mental violence as the most common type of violence against women followed by physical and sexual violence, significant correlations between women’s age and problem-based strategy, women’s occupation and problem-based strategy, marriage duration and coping strategy, marriage duration and problem-based method, consent at the time of marriage and excitement-centered strategy, presence of disease and excitement-centered strategy, and drug abuse and excitement-centered strategy, and a reverse significant correlation between excitement-centered strategy and sexual violence and between problem-based strategy and mental violence.
Conclusion: Some training classes ought to be held to provide appropriate coping strategies for women sustaining violence.
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