|The Effect of Reflexology on Fatigue in Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy: A Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Mahin Hesami1, Marya kalhor2, Daem Roshani3, Mohammad Fathi4|
|1Student of Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2Instructor Clinical Care Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4Clinical Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
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Keywords : Cancer, Chemotherapy, Fatigue, Reflexology
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Objectives: Fatigue is one of the most common complications of cancer and medications associated with it, including chemotherapy. The present study aims to determine the effects of reflexology on the fatigue of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.
Materials and Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial which was conducted on 80 cancer patients under chemotherapy in Tohid Medical Center affiliated with Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in Iran in the year 2017. The patients were randomly assigned to one of the two groups of control and intervention in the form of quadruple blocks using the stat direct software. Data gathering instruments included a personal information questionnaire and the fatigue severity scale (FSS). After the questionnaires were responded to by the two groups, foot sole reflexology was performed for the intervention group in four sessions on four consecutive days with each session lasting 30 minutes. The two groups’ severity of fatigue was measures again after four days.
Results: Comparing the mean and standard deviation in the investigated units before and after the intervention in the intervention group was 5.538 ± 1.041 and 4.486 ± 1.040, respectively, which shows that the difference was significant (p = 0.000). Also, after the reflexology was performed, mean and standard deviation of the intervention and control groups were 4.486 ± 1.040 and 5.180 ± 1.450, respectively, which shows that there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of fatigue (p = 0.016).
Conclusion: The results of the study indicated that reflexology has a positive effect on fatigue in cancer patients under chemotherapy.
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