|Effects of Dust Pollution in Asaluyeh on Atomic Absorption of Heavy Metals and Histopathologic Changes in Spleen and Bone Marrow of Male Rats|
|Vahid Keshavarz1, Saeed Rezaee Zarchi1, Afshar Bargahi2, Hossein Khorramde3, Mohammad Ali Zare4, Zeinab Mahdian4, Arman Hashemi5, Mohammad Hashemi5, Parviz Farzadinia4|
|1Department of Biology, Payame Noor University, Taft Center, Taft, Iran
2Marine Biotechnology Research Center, Persian Gulf Biomedical Research Center, Bushehr, Iran
3Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Kazerun branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun, Iran
4Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
5Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
CJMB 2019; 6: 178-182
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Keywords : Dust pollution, Asaluyeh, Spleen, Bone marrow, Rat
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Objectives: The effects of air pollution from industrial advances and mechanization on people, specifically children whose immune and respiratory systems are not fully developed, have attracted growing attention from researchers. Given that the oil and gas facilities in Asaluyeh have turned it into one of the most polluted regions in the world, this study aimed at investigating the effect of airborne dust particles (ADPs) on the atomic absorption of heavy metals and histopathologic changes in spleen and bone marrow of male rats.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 30 adult male rats were assigned to the control, negative control, and treatment groups. After the course of treatment, the changes in spleen and bone marrow tissue, as well as atomic absorption of metals (lead, mercury, cadmium, and arsenic) in their serums were examined.
Results: The atomic absorption of metals in the serum of the treatment group significantly increased as compared to the control group; in addition, the significant histopathologic changes were observed only in the spleen tissues.
Conclusions: Dust of polluted air of Asaluyeh had relative toxic effects on spleen tissue and serum but did not have toxic effects on bone marrow.
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