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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Jul 2018, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
Determining The Most Common Reproductive Health Needs of Rural Women in Reproductive age, Iran, 2017
Khosheh Khaleghinezhad1, Nourossadat Kariman1, Fatemeh Nahidi1, Abbas Ebadi2, Malihe Nasiri3
1Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Behavioral Sciences Research Center (BSRC), School of Nursing, Baqhiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Biostatics, School of Paramedic, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


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Keywords : Needs Assessment, Reproductive health, Rural women
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Abstract

Objectives: The first step in designing a plan is need recognition. Given the fact that rural women are among the most deprived groups in terms of healthcare services, this study aimed to determine the most common reproductive health needs of rural women of reproductive age, which can provide the foundation for proper designing of programs with regard to budget constraints.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in rural women of reproductive age referring to rural healthcare centers of Neyshabur, Iran, during 2017. In total, 405 subjects were selected through randomized sampling. The data collection tool was standardized questionnaire evaluating sexual and reproductive health needs. This instrument consists of seven sections, including background information, safe motherhood, family planning, sexual behaviors, sexually transmitted infection, HIV/AIDS and physical and sexual violence.  The answer to each question were categorized into two groups of favorable (Score 1 was given to it) and unfavorable (Score 2 was given to it). So low scores were indicative of favorable condition, whereas high scores reflected unfavorable status. Data analysis was performed using descriptive tests in SPSS v. 17.

Results: In this study, about half of the women were within the age range of 31-40 years, and 44.2% of them were illiterate or had low literacy levels. In addition, 84% of the subjects were housewives. Safe pregnancy domain had the most proper status (14.12±10.55), whereas HIV/AIDS domain was the least favorable condition (47.65±21.63).

Conclusion: We recommend designing focused programs to improve the health of rural women in the domains of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, which are the most prioritized areas of reproductive health.

 

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Arash Khaki
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Zafer Akan Deputy Editor
Javadi, Leila
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