|Male Contraceptive Methods : Prevalence, Trend and Associated Socioeconomic Factors|
|FatemeModiri1, Ali Rahimi1|
|1Department of Family Studies, National population Studies & Comprehensive Management Institute, Tehran, Iran|
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Keywords : Family planning; Female contraceptive methods, Male contraceptive methods; Theory of modernity
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Objectives: In recent years and following the increasing trend of men’s involvementin family planning, the use of male contraceptive methods has exceeded female contraceptive methods in some societies. Hence, this paper divided contraceptive methods into female and male methods and examined the prevalence, trend and socioeconomic factors associated with the use of male methods.
Materials and Methods: Statistical population of this cross-sectional survey included married men and women in Tehran and 1272 samples with a 49-year-old woman or younger in their households were selected by means of multistage cluster sampling.
Results: Results showed that about three-fourths of families in Tehran used male contraceptive methods. In the last two decades, the use of male contraceptive methods has had an upward tendency where the use of condom has been increasing while withdrawal has decreased. Multivariate analysis showed that the use of male contraceptive methods was more prevalent among younger, more educated and less religious people and those with egalitarian gender attitudes.
Conclusion: Knowledge of failure rate of male contraceptive methods, teaching side-effects of female methods and greater familiarity of families with emergency contraceptives are essential.
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