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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Oct 2018, Vol 5, Issue 4
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Original Article
Comparison of the Body Image between Women Seeking Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery (FGCS) and Women Not Interested in FGCS: A Case Control Study
Fatemeh Ekrami1, Mojgan Mirghafourvand2, Shahla Farzipour3
1Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University Of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University Of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ardebil University of Medical Sciences, Ardebil, Iran

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Keywords : Cosmetic surgery, Genitalia, Body image, Women
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Objectives: Although body image has been investigated in a variety of cosmetic surgeries, this study was the first research in Iran to examine the mental image of women seeking Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery (FGCS).

Materials and Methods: The participants of this case-control study included 163 women of reproductive age, of whom 83 were willing to undergo FGCS and 80 were not interested in this kind of surgery. Participants were selected from among the women referred to the specialized gynecological clinic of Alavi Hospital in Ardebil using convenience sampling; and they were evaluated for pelvic organ prolapse. The data collection tool was a questionnaire containing demographic questions, as well as body image questionnaire.

Results: The total mean (standard deviation) body image score in the case and control groups was 237.2 (22.3) and 241.7 (23.1)), respectively, indicating no significant difference between the two groups. Regarding the components of body image, no significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of body-self relations(P= 0.101) and body weight perception (P= 0.521). However, a significant difference was observed in terms of the mean body satisfaction score (P= 0.004).

Conclusion: Women interested in FGCS had less body parts satisfaction compared with those not willing to undergo this surgery. It can be useful to provide necessary consultation and trainings about the wide range of variation in the natural appearance of the female genitalia for women willing to undergo these types of surgeries.


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Aras Part Medical International Press Editors in Chief
Arash Khaki
Zafer Akan Deputy Editor
Javadi, Leila
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