|Comparison The Effect of Aromatherapy with Essential Oils of Rosa Damascena and Lavender Alone and in Combination on Severity of Pain in the First Phase of Labor in Primiparous Women|
|Aliye Chughtai1, Maryam Navaee2, Moluk Hadi Alijanvand3, Fariba Yaghoubinia4|
|1Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences ,Zahedan ,Iran
2Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4Community Nursing Research Center, Zahedan university of medical sciences, Zahedan, Iran
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Keywords : aromatherapy, Pain of labor, active phase
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Objectives: Labor pain is an indispensable component of the delivery process; however, excessive pain can reduce the uterine contractions and the delivery progress rate. This study was executed to compare the effect of aromatherapy with Rosa damascena and lavender essential oils on severity of pain in the first phase of delivery in primiparous women.
Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 120 primiparous women with a dilatation of 3-4 cm were selected from maternity hospitals of Zahedan by random sampling, and were randomly divided into four groups: inhalation of essential oils of Rosa damascena, lavender, their combination and distilled water. The women were asked to inhale the aroma during contraction and the severity of their pain was determined based on the visual scale of pain before, 30 and 60 minutes after the intervention. The data were analyzed using SPSS-21 software, chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, repeated measure covariance analysis and Bonferroni correction.
Results: Comparison of the mean severity of pain in the four groups before the intervention showed a significant difference (P=0.001). Control of the effect of pre-test showed that the essential oil aromas (Rosa damascena, lavender and their combination) significantly reduced the mean severity of pain at 30 and 60 minutes after intervention relative to distilled water (P=0.001), but the difference between the three treatment groups was not significant.
Conclusion: The results showed that aromatherapy using essential oils of lavender, Rosa damascena and their combination can reduce the severity of labor pain as an uncomplicated non-pharmacological approach.
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