|The Effect of "Nurse Companionship"on Anxiety and Vital Sign Changes of Cesarean Section Candidates: Randomized Control Trial|
|Mojgan Lotfi1, Fariborz Roshangar2, Ahmad Mirza Aghazadeh3, Elnaz Asghari4, Elmira Aghaei5|
|1Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Bio- statistics Dept., Paramedical Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Anxiety, Cesarean section, Vital signs, Nurse companionship
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Objectives: Cesarean section (C-section ) is one the most common women’s surgeries with numerous complications including anxiety and vital sign changes. Various non-drug methods exist for controlling these complications. Although nurse companionship is one of them, there is little information about accompaniment of mothers by trained nurses during C-section surgery. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of “nurse companionship” on the level of anxiety and vital sign changes of C-section candidates.
Materials and Methods:This study is randomized control trail performed on 128 C-section candidates in Al-Zahra teaching hospital of Tabriz in 2017 using random allocation method.In addition to routine cares, intervention group mothers were accompanied and supported by a nurse one hour before to after the C-section surgery. Mothers in the control group only received routine cares for C-section. Data collection tools were demographic information form, VAS scale, digital blood pressure monitor and chronometer. The level of anxiety and vital sign changes were measured one hour before, during and one hour after C-section surgery. Data were analyzed in SPSS v.24 using Mixed Repeated Measures ANONA.
Results: Comparison of the results in the two group showed that accompaniment of the mothershad a significant effect on reducing anxiety during (p<0.001) and one hour after (p=0.011) C-section surgery, while it had no significant effect on changes in vital sign changes.
Conclusion:Results revealed the positive effect of nurse companionship on reducing mothers’ anxiety during and after C-section surgery. Therefore, this method can be usedas a non-invasive nursing careduring C-section surgeries and in operating rooms. However, cost-effectiveness assessment is recommended before implementation of this method.
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