|Impact of Clinical Mat Pilates on Body Composition and Functional Indices in Female Patients with Multiple Sclerosis|
|Elham Eftekhari1, Masoud Etemadifar2|
|1Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Najafabad Branch Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
2Isfahan Neurosciences Research Centre, Affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences & Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences of Isfahan University & Isfahan Research Center of Multiple Sclerosis, Isfahan Iran
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Keywords : Body Composition, Fatigue, Functional Indices, Multiple Sclerosis, Pilates
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Objectives: Muscle weakness, movement disorders and fatigue due to Multiple Sclerosis (MS) cause decrease balance and physical activity, which may be linked to the body composition. The purpose of our study was of the effect of Clinical Mat Pilates on Anthropometric variables, Functional Indices, and Fatigue in female suffering from MS.
Materials and Methods: The participants were thirty female MS patients with mild to moderate disability, based on The McDonald᾿s criteria. They were randomly divided into equal Pilates training (PT) and Control (C) groups. The PT did the protocol of training 3d/week during eight weeks. The C group continued their routine life. All patients underwent assess pre- and post-test of variables by one of the authors, who was blind to the groups. The Anthropometric variables such as BW (Body Weight), BMI (Body Mass Index), Body Circumferences [Waist (WC), Hip (HC), Mid-Arm Muscle (MAMC), and Calf (CC)], Waist to Hip Ratio (WHR), 7-site of skinfold (Chest, Abdominal, Thigh, Triceps, Sub-scapular, Supra-iliac, and Mid-axillary), Fat Percentage (FP), Fat mass (FM), Fat Free Mass (FFM), and Body Density (BD), Functional Indices consist of Balance, Walking Speed, Endurance, and Fatigue were accessed.
Results: Statistical analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in BW, BMI, WC, HC, MAMC, skin-folds of the Chest, Abdominal, Triceps, Supra-iliac, FP, FM and Fatigue and also increase in BD, Balance, Walking Speed, and Endurance in Pilates group (P<0.05).
Conclusions: An eight-week mat Pilates program as non-pharmacological intervention may positively affect on Anthropometric variables, Functional Indices and, Fatigue which may decline some of the outcomes of muscle weakness as one of MS complications.
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