|The Factors Affecting Reproductive Behavior|
|Zohreh Abassi1, Zohreh keshavarz3, Mohammad Jalal Abbasi- Shavazi4, Abbas Ebadi6, Elaheh Salari7|
|1Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Faculty member of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences Department of Midwifery, Bojnurd, Iran
3Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Demography, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
5Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University Canberra, Canberra, Australia
6Behavioral Sciences Research Center (BSRC), School of Nursing, Baqhiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7Faculty member of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences Department of Midwifery, Bojnurd, Iran
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Keywords : Behavior, Reproductive, Fertility
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Objective: To assess identify the variables affecting fertility behavior.in the past years, There is concern about reducing the rate of reproduction in Iran. So, It is necessary to identify the factors influencing fertility.
Materials and Methods:This review study uses Electronic databases including Google scholar, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, SID, Iranian Research Institute, Iran Medex, Irandoc, Magiran and Med lib, and hand searching with keywords such as fertility behavior, reproductive behavior, fertility function, reproductive efficiency, fertility, distance between pregnancy, unwanted pregnancy, abortion, family planning, sex distinction or a combination of these words as keywords or a combination of these words from 1981 to now.
Results: Analysis of 120 articles show that economy, social norms, cultural factors, education, maternal age, length of marriage, occupation, sex preference, knowledge, attitude and use of contraception, advertisement and social networks, religion, ethnicity, type and location of settlements (urban - rural), population policies, men"s participation and attitudes toward fertility, child mortality and morbidity rate, individual motivations and desires are domains which influence fertility.
Conclusion: We identified wide variety of variables affect reproductive behavior. Therefore, special attention should be paid by policymakers to these issues.
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