|Controlled Breathing with or without Lavender Aromatherapy for Labor Pain at the First stage: A Randomized Clinical Trial|
|Maryam Gharacheh1, Katayon Vakilian2, Afsaneh Keramat3|
|1Department of Reproductive health, Iran University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Reproductive health, Arak University of Medical Sciences , Arak, Iran
3Department of Reproductive health ,Shahroud university of medical sciences Shahroud, Iran
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Keywords : Aromatherapy, labor pain, breathing technique, randomized trial
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Objective: There is a wide range of interventions available for managing labor pain. Complementary medicine and non-pharmacological approaches to relieve pain are a component of midwifery practice that can be simply started by midwives. The study aimed to examine the effect of breathing technique with lavender on labor pain compared to breathing technique alone in an Iranian setting in 2015.
Materials and Methods: A single blind randomized trial was conducted on the pregnant women hospitalized in labor room in Fatemieh maternity hospital. A total of 120 laboring mothers who were eligible for the study randomly assigned into two groups of breathing technique with lavender and breathing technique with sterile water. The pain of labor was measured by a visual analogue scale at different dilatations. Data analysis was done by t-test and χ2 using the SPSS version 18.
Results: The mean age of women in the group of breathing technique with lavender and of breathing technique with sterile water were 25.5±4.3 and 26±4.9 respectively (p=0.6). Also, total average pain score in the experimental group and control group were 6.77±1.89 and 7.44±1.66 [CI: (-1.35, 0.014)] respectively (P=0.05).
Conclusion: The study indicated that breathing technique with lavender reduced labor pain at the end of labor (i.e. at the cervical dilatation of 9-10 cm) compared to breathing technique without lavender. Further research is needed to confirm the effect of lavender aromatherapy on labor pain.
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