|The Relationship Between Social Support and Self-care in Patients With Heart Failure: The Role of Illness Related Worries as a Mediator|
|Nastaran Mansouriyeh1, Hamid Poursharifi2, Mohammad Reza Taban Sadeghi3, Mohammad Reza Seirafi4|
|1Young Researchers and Elite Club,Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran
3Department of Heart, Faculty of Medical, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
CJMB 2018; 5: 144-148
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Keywords : Illness-related worries, Social support, Self- care, Heart failure
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Objectives: Heart failure (HF), as a chronic disease, is a progressive and debilitating problem in communities. In previous studies, the role of self-care in HF has been emphasized. Illness-related worries and social support are associated with self-care. The aim of this study is to explore the role of illness-related worries as a mediator in the relationship between social support and self-care in patients with HF.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 149 HF patients based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, in 2016. Patients were selected using availability sampling. For data collection, a demographic information questionnaire, self-care behavior scale, illness-related worries questionnaire, and social support scale were used. In addition, the Pearson correlation coefficient and Sobel test were also conducted.
Results: Sobel test results was used for understanding the mediating role of illness related-worries (P <0.01, Sobel test result = -5.16). The correlation between social support and self-care was -0.518, P <0.01, and the correlation between illness-related worries and self-care was -0.71, P < 0.01.
Conclusions: This study showed that illness related worries can serve as a mediator in the relationship between social support and self-care. There was a significant correlation between the research variables.
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