|The Relationship Between Social Support and self-care in Patients With Heart Failure: The Role of Illness Related Worries Mediator|
|Nastaran Mansouriyeh1, Hamid Poursharifi2, Mohammad Reza Taban Sadeghi3, Mohammad Raze Seirafi4|
|1Department of Psychology , Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island
2Department of Psychology , Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran
3Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
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Keywords : Illness related worries, Social support, Self- care, Heart failure
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Objective: Heart failure—as a chronic disease—is a progressive and debilitating problem in communities. In previous studies, the role of self-care in heart failure has been emphasized. Illness related worries and social support are associated with self-care. The aim of this study is to explore the role of illness related worries as a mediator in the relationship between social support and self-care in patients with heart failure.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 149 heart failure patients based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, in 2016. Patients were selected for available sampling. For data collection, a demographic information questionnaire, self-care behaviour scale, illness related worries questionnaire, and social support scale were used. In addition, the Pearson correlation coefficient and Sobel test were also conducted.
Results: Sobel test results for understanding the mediating was (p<0.01, Sobel test result=-5.16). The correlation between social support and self-care was -0.518, p <0.01, and the correlation between illness related worries and self-care was-0.71, p <0.01.
Conclusion: This study showed that illness related worries can serve as a mediator in the relationship between social support and self-care. There was a significant correlation between the research variables.
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