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E-ISSN : 2148-9696
Crescent Journal of
Medical and Biological Sciences
Jul 2019, Vol 6, Issue 3
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Original Article
Prevalence of Andropause Symptoms And the Role of Social Determinants of Health On Its Severity in Healthy Men: A Community-Based Study In North West Iran
Sevil Hakimi1, Lale Ghasemi1, Mojghan Mirghafourvand1, Kamaleddin Hasanzadeh1, Fatemeh Ghasemi1
1Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz university of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

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Keywords : Andropause, Social determinants of health, Men Health
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Objective: As men age, they experience changes due to reduced androgen levels that are called andropause. Several factors contribute to reduced androgen levels in men. This study aimed at determining predictive factors for andropause.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 264 andropausal men living in Tabriz who were selected using cluster random sampling. Data was collected from April 2015 to September 2015 using demographic questionnaires and the male andropause symptoms self-assessment questionnaire.

Results: The average age of the participants was 58.8±6.3, and the average male andropause symptoms self-assessment questionnaire score was 53.7±9.9. Linear regression analysis showed that the variables of education, employment, satisfaction with the spouse"s behavior, housing status were among the predictors of andropause symptoms.

Conclusion: According to the results, the prevalence of andropause symptoms was moderate. Some social determinants of health such as employment, education, and marital satisfaction played a role in andropause symptoms. It seems that conducting further studies on the main causes of this problem and finding practical solutions to reduce andropause symptoms is necessary in provision of health for andropausal men.


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Javadi, Leila
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