|Ethnopharmacology, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activity of Dittrichia graveolens (L.) W. Greuter. Which Has Been Used as Remedies Antirheumatic, Anti-inflammation and Antiinfection against Leishmaniasis in the Traditional Medicine of Gorgan, Iran|
|Masoumeh Mazandarani1, Mohammad Ghafourian2, Ayesheh Khormali1|
|1Department of Botany, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
2Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
CJMB 2014; 1: 125-129
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Keywords : Antioxidant, Antibacterial, Dittrichia graveolens (L.) W. Greuter, Ethnopharmacology, Gorgan, Inflammation, Rheumatism Leishmaniasis
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Objective: This study was survey to investigate of ethnopharmacology, antibacterial and antioxidant capacity of Dittrichia graveolens (L.) W. Greuter extract in in vitro from waste ground region of Gorgan, Iran, which has been used in traditional as a strong anti-inflammation, antirheumatism, antitumor, antipathogene, and antiinfection.
Materials and Methods: Ethnopharmacological data were obtained among well-known indigenous herbal practitioner (70 ages) in Gorgan, Iran. Aerial parts of plant in blooming were collected from Gorgan waste ground (80 m) in October 2013. Methanol and acetone extracts were obtained by maceration, antioxidant activity were evaluated spectrophotometrically by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), total antioxidant capacity and reducing power to compare of butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole antioxidant standard and antibacterial activity were determined by disc diffusion and minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) method against tree Gram-positive and negative pathogenic bacteria.
Results: D. graveolens (L.) W. Greuteris is usually wild grow in Golestan Province and has been used in traditional medicine as a strong anti-inflammation, antirheumatism, antitumor, antipathogene and antiinfection specially in treat of leishmaniosis metanolic extract of plant has strong antioxidant activity against free radical scavenging specially in DPPH methode than aceton extract with IC50 (6.2 ± 0.13 μg/ml) and Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecalis and Bacillus cereus with inhibition zone 35, 30, 26, 21 mm were the most sensitive bacteria, with MIC ranging from 12.6 to 112 μg/ml, respectively. Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium have moderate sensitivity and other bacteria were resistant to the plant extract.
Conclusion: Results demonstrate that the methanolic extract of D. graveolens can become good potential antioxidant and antibacterial activity for controlling certain Gram-positive and negative bacteria, which produces many infectious diseases.
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